Preserve Your Vision With Bittel Vision Care Center - Caste Village

Diabetic Retinopathy in Pittsburgh

Preserve Your Vision With Bittel Vision Care Center - Caste Village

Schedule Eye Exam

Have diabetes?

Experiencing changes in vision, such as blurriness and eye floaters?

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the leading causes of vision loss around the world. Of an estimated 285 million people with diabetes mellitus worldwide, approximately one-third have signs of diabetic retinopathy.

Fortunately, there are several steps people with diabetes can take to prevent or minimize vision loss.

Blood sugar level check


Give Your Eyes the Care They Deserve

What Is Diabetic Retinopathy?

noraml eye and an eye with  diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease caused by high blood sugar levels that damage the small blood vessels clustered within your retina. This leads to swelling or fluid leakage and can result in vision loss and even blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy also raises the risk of retinal detachment and/or glaucoma.

Because the early stages of diabetic retinopathy show no symptoms, many don't realize they have it until the disease has progressed.

If you have diabetes, you are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. To reduce your risk and protect your vision, schedule an eye exam with Bittel Vision Care Center - Caste Village today.


What Are the Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy?

diabetic-retinopothy-oct-scan

As mentioned above, the early phase of diabetic retinopathy typically shows no symptoms. This is why it's important to have routine eye exams (all the more so if you have diabetes), as your eye doctor can detect diabetic retinopathy in its earlier stages before symptoms become apparent.

Symptoms of proliferative diabetic retinopathy include:
  • Blurred vision
  • Floaters
  • Double vision
  • Near vision problems
  • Seeing dark spots (scotomas)
  • Difficulty seeing at night

What are the Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy?

Non-Proliferative Retinopathy (early stage):
This occurs when small bulges–or microaneurysms–form in blood vessels and can leak fluid into the retina.

Proliferative Retinopathy (later phase):
This refers to abnormal vessel growth and leakage in the retina. This triggers a variety of vision problems such as blurriness, reduced field of vision, and even blindness.

If you have diabetes, Bittel Vision Care Center - Caste Village in Pittsburgh offers diagnostic tests and treatment options to help preserve your vision. The earlier the diagnosis, the better the treatment outcome.

Diabetic-Retinopathy-Bllod-sugar-level-checker


How Optometrists Diagnose Diabetic Retinopathy

  • Medical history

    Your optometrist will ask about your medical history, including diabetes, as well as your family history of eye conditions.

  • Dilated pupil exam

    Your optometrist will apply eye drops to dilate the pupils so they can see inside the eye and detect any issues.

  • Fluorescein angiography

    This eye test uses a special dye and camera to look at blood flow in the retina and choroid.

  • Optical coherence tomography

    This imaging method shows a cross-section of the retina and can indicate whether vessels are leaking fluid into the retina.


Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnosis & Treatment in Pittsburgh

Our optometry practice in Pittsburgh

Photograph of Jeffrey  Duncan
Hours
  • Monday 9:00 am - 7:30 pm
  • Tuesday 9:00 am - 5:00 pm
  • Wednesday 9:00 am - 7:00 pm
  • Thursday 9:00 am - 5:00 pm
  • Friday 8:30 am - 4:00 pm
  • Saturday 9:00 am - 1:00 pm
  • Sunday Closed
Insurance Plans
  • VSP
  • Medicare
  • United Healthcare
  • Spectera
  • Medicaid
  • Anthem
  • EyeMed
  • Anthem Blue Cross Blue Shield
  • Blue Cross
  • MetLife
  • Aetna

How to Treat Diabetic Retinopathy

senior man with diabetic retinopathy

Treatment begins with managing blood sugar levels and diabetes. This means eating a healthy diet, increasing physical activity, and taking whatever diabetes medication has been prescribed.

Other treatments will depend on the stage or severity of the disease. If caught early, only blood sugar management may be necessary.

However, if you're in a more advanced stage of the diseases, treatment options may include:
  • Eye medications. Steroid and Anti-VEGF treatments can stop inflammation and prevent the formation of new blood vessels.
  • Laser surgery. Reduces the proliferation of abnormal blood vessels and swelling in the retina.
  • Vitrectomy. If you have proliferative diabetic retinopathy, you may need an eye surgery called vitrectomy. This procedure removes scar tissue, blood or fluid, and some of the vitreous gel so light rays can better focus on the retina.
Patient Reviews
4.6
141 Reviews
5
4
3
2
1
- May. 09, 2024
Excellent service, friendly and respectful staff. Roxanne is an asset to the business. Highly recom... mend.
- May. 02, 2024
I've been going to Bittel Vision for 27 years and will continue forever!!
- Apr. 30, 2024
My mom fell n destroyed her glasses Roxanne was so helpful and kind. Took the time to look up my mom... s name. Will get back to me snd offered to help find a fast place to get new glasses since mom is in the hospital and needs them. Outstanding customer service especially since it’s been 6 years that she was seen !!
- Mar. 06, 2024
I love getting my exam here. I just had dr. Mihalek hook me up with some contacts (nicely rebated) a... nd even adjusted my script so that my left and right are the same strength. Some a$$hole doctors frown upon this, but she was like, I get it, sometimes you get a pair mixed up and it’s hard to keep changing them to figure out which belongs where. Also, I didn’t want to have my pupes dialated (more like violated) because I need to drive tonight and she was cool once again and said we’ll, we can go there next time, then she did a quick look with a magnifying mirror just to make sure my poor decisions in life don’t allow me to go blind. Now that’s a good one there. A doctor that listens to you and then makes a compromise with you while still keeping u safe. Dr. Mihalek is very 😎! -Marc
- Mar. 03, 2024
My favorite eye care specialist to see. Life long patient.
- Feb. 07, 2024
showes concern regarding my issues.
- Jan. 25, 2024
Been going here since I was a kid. Love Bittel Optical.
- Jan. 23, 2024
Excellent service
- Jan. 09, 2024
Had a great experience visiting for an eye check and new glasses.
- Dec. 29, 2023
Dr. Mehalik and the entire staff made me feel very comfortable and very well informed about my eye h... ealth.
- Dec. 28, 2023
Convenient, friendly staff and short wait times.
- Dec. 27, 2023
Good Eye Care And Good Service…. Very Personable As Well. 🙏🙌🏼 @gothhopromeo
- Dec. 27, 2023
Everyone, from the staff to the doctor, was very kind and friendly. They really cares about me as a ... patient and I had a great experience.
- Dec. 25, 2023
Very professional services. Dr. Robert Bittel is very engaged and committed to excellence.
- Nov. 30, 2023
I had a great experience with doctor and optical department
- Oct. 29, 2023
The staff was friendly and the doctor was very thorough!
- Oct. 10, 2023
Very good experience. A wide variety to choose from for frames and I am hard to fit
- Aug. 27, 2023
My family has been going to Dr. Bittel for years. He does an excellent job and his staff is professi... onal. Strongly recommend.
- Aug. 06, 2023
Friendly staff. No long waits.
- Jul. 18, 2023
Easy parking and free! All doctors are very adept at the measuring of prescription needed for my eye... s to buy glasses and contacts. I have been with this company for 20+ years and will continue.

View All 141 Reviews

Diabetic Retinopathy FAQs

What are the major risk factors for diabetic retinopathy?

As the name suggests, diabetes is the main risk factor for developing diabetic retinopathy. Be mindful of your family history of type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, get an annual eye exam to detect potential problems early.

Other conditions such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol are also risk factors. Moreover, those of African or Hispanic descent have a higher risk of developing diabetic retinopathy.

Can diabetic retinopathy be prevented?

There are a number of ways to preserve your vision and reduce the risk of vision and eye damage due to diabetic retinopathy.

  • Visit your eye doctor for annual eye exams.
  • Control your blood sugar levels.
  • Maintain healthy cholesterol levels and blood pressure.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Quit smoking.

The best thing you can do right now is to schedule your eye exam with Bittel Vision Care Center - Caste Village in Pittsburgh to ensure that everything is in check.

Does diabetic retinopathy cause blindness?

Diabetic retinopathy is one of the main causes of blindness among work-aged adults. It affects one in three people with diabetes and often goes unnoticed at first. Diagnosing and treating the condition early on can prevent severe vision loss.


blood sugaer level testing kit

Have diabetes?

Early detection and timely treatment can prevent vision loss.

Schedule Eye Exam